James focused on the study of religious experiences from a psychological approach based on the study of the direct experiences of individual people. It was James who first (far known) used in these classes the term transpersonal. This school believes Richard M. Bucke (1837-1902), C.G. Jung (1875-1961) and Roberto Assagioli (1888-1974) as those who settled the foundations of what later became the Transpersonal Psychology. Notes, Carl G. Jung is the father of this stream of psychology. Transpersonal psychology, rather than any other hand, it is the connection with the philosophies, Buddhism, Taoism and Sufism are the main branches of its origin, Jung said that the collective unconscious was shared by all people.
The archetypes as the ego, the shadow, the hero, represent the content of the collective unconscious and are the foundations of Transpersonal experiences. In addition, adds that Abraham Maslow was one of the founders of transpersonal psychology who named the fourth force. Other psychologists who influenced were Mary Calkins who gave a holistic approach, Karen Horney who studied Zen and introduced the study of the true identity. Victor Frankl, Carl Rogers, Fritz Perls, the creator of gestalt therapy, and Stanislav and Christina Grof works about spiritual emergencies. In the Decade of 1980 and 90 above this field developed their proposals through the works of authors such as Jean Houston, Stanislav Grof, Ken Wilber, Michael Washburn, Frances Vaughan, Roger Walsh, Stanley Krippner, Michael Murphy, Charles Tart, David Lukoff, Vasily Nalimov and Stuart Sovatsky. While Wilber has been regarded as an influential writer and theorist in the field, it has preferred personally dissociated himself from the movement, in favour of what he calls a more holistic approach. Transpersonal psychology is beneficial to a variety of spiritual emergency treatment, recover from a trauma, psychosis, problems of behaviour, addiction, death and dying, and psychological health.The transpersonal process refers to the use of techniques such as meditation, chants, rituals, viewing spiritual or transpersonal discipline.