James focused on the study of religious experiences from a psychological approach based on the study of the direct experiences of individual people. It was James who first (far known) used in these classes the term transpersonal. This school believes Richard M. Bucke (1837-1902), C.G. Jung (1875-1961) and Roberto Assagioli (1888-1974) as those who settled the foundations of what later became the Transpersonal Psychology. Notes, Carl G. Jung is the father of this stream of psychology. Transpersonal psychology, rather than any other hand, it is the connection with the philosophies, Buddhism, Taoism and Sufism are the main branches of its origin, Jung said that the collective unconscious was shared by all people.
The archetypes as the ego, the shadow, the hero, represent the content of the collective unconscious and are the foundations of Transpersonal experiences. In addition, adds that Abraham Maslow was one of the founders of transpersonal psychology who named the fourth force. Other psychologists who influenced were Mary Calkins who gave a holistic approach, Karen Horney who studied Zen and introduced the study of the true identity. Victor Frankl, Carl Rogers, Fritz Perls, the creator of gestalt therapy, and Stanislav and Christina Grof works about spiritual emergencies. In the Decade of 1980 and 90 above this field developed their proposals through the works of authors such as Jean Houston, Stanislav Grof, Ken Wilber, Michael Washburn, Frances Vaughan, Roger Walsh, Stanley Krippner, Michael Murphy, Charles Tart, David Lukoff, Vasily Nalimov and Stuart Sovatsky. While Wilber has been regarded as an influential writer and theorist in the field, it has preferred personally dissociated himself from the movement, in favour of what he calls a more holistic approach. Transpersonal psychology is beneficial to a variety of spiritual emergency treatment, recover from a trauma, psychosis, problems of behaviour, addiction, death and dying, and psychological health.The transpersonal process refers to the use of techniques such as meditation, chants, rituals, viewing spiritual or transpersonal discipline.
Brazil has shifted in the second put by surface to Argentina, specialized in crops are soybean, corn and cotton, has 21.3 million hectares. Respite of Brazil is due to his remarkable increase (35%) in the last year, in a clear example of the commitment that the Government of Lula da Siva has made this production model. Other markets where genetically modified crops are allowed, such as India and Canada have a production of 8.2 and 8.4 million hectares respectively are placed away from them. It is said that, in the case of the European market, implantation is much lower and, even, in some countries the reluctance by the possible risks in health and the environment have led Governments to restrictively legislate this kind of genetically modified crops. Not However, in recent months, is being carried out certain guidelines that show an openness to this niche market. Thus, in March, the European Union (EU) authorized, after twelve years of reticence, the cultivation of a potato genetically modified, developed by the German company Basf, intended for the production of starch for the paper industry. The European authorization opens the door to drinking this type of cultivation to include a clause that allows the presence in a timely manner (by 0.9%) of transgenic food in food for humans. This opening has backed by consumers, as it indicates the latest Eurobarometer (official probe of the European Commission) on Agriculture and common agricultural policy, published in March 2010?, said Carlos Vicente, expert in transgenic agriculture at IE Business School and director of biotechnology and corporate relations in Spain, Portugal and Egypt of Monsanto.
In it, he reveals that an overwhelming majority (90%) ( consumers) considers agriculture as a key factor for the future. And 77% believe that European farmers should take advantage of agricultural biotechnological advances in order to be competitive and combat challenges such as those arising from climate change. Adds us wharton.universia.net in his report, that in Spain, there are 16 authorized varieties of maize, destined for animal consumption with genetic modifications.